Consequences of the coronavirus: impact on organs and psyche
The consequences of vaccination
Coronavirus negative results do not necessarily guarantee good health following the illness since the body does not always recover immediately. Some consequences of the infection can also be lifelong.
How long does it take to recover from COVID-19 and what are the most common complications?
What are the consequences of COVID for the lungs? The most common symptom of lung infections is shortness of breath.
COVID-19 is not a simple respiratory infection. Coronavirus 19 causes damage on a primary basis to the respiratory system.
The infection primarily affects the lungs, but it also affects almost every organ and system of the body on a secondary basis.
The disease is harder and takes longer to treat even if one is suffering from the severe form of the flu. When the flu is characterized by a high temperature for several days, followed by a period of recovery and complete recovery, then the coronavirus is treated for several weeks, and the course of the disease is often unpredictable. To recover from an illness, you may need months of therapy.
The most common complication of COVID-19 is a pronounced change in the lungs, even if the virus has left the body and the patient has recovered. This complication is detected using tomography.
In such cases, patients require supplemental oxygen, which they receive from rehab centers, or rent an oxygen concentrator and recover at home.
How do lungs respond when there is a complication after COVID? Scarring on healthy tissue obstructs the flow of oxygen and produces excess carbon dioxide. Depending on the severity of the damage to the lungs, the person has trouble breathing. The recovery of the respiratory system is of the utmost importance since fibrotic changes can cause thrombosis and other maladies.
When the doctor finds a large area of the lesion, he or she chooses the most suitable drug treatment, provides breathing exercises to stimulate lung function and accelerate tissue regeneration while providing additional oxygen to organs if needed.
Complications following COVID
What other complications can occur after COVID?
Aside from the respiratory system, the virus may also affect the heart, blood vessels, and central nervous system, especially in people who have been seriously ill with the disease. Those who have been ill in mild form may exhibit a depressive condition, weakness, or a loss of smell.
In many cases, people who have had COVID-19 seek help from a neurologist and psychiatrist to deal with anxiety, panic attacks, and acute insomnia. The virus causes this as a result of its effects on the central nervous system. Such consequences of COVID-19 can last for several months.
According to the pulmonologist Alexander Palman, associate professor of the Department of Therapy at the First Moscow State Medical University. Sechenov, tragic and fatal complications arise in those who have suffered a severe form of the disease with lung damage up to 70-80%. Severe complications can arise in two scenarios:
- The direct effect of the virus on a particular organ, tissue
- The body’s defensive response to an infection, which doctors call a cytokine storm. This reaction causes severe inflammation that damages organs.
Therefore, in the treatment of critically ill patients, hormonal agents are used that suppress the cytokine storm. To avoid thrombotic complications, the treatment regimen includes anticoagulants, since thrombosis in coronavirus is a frequent occurrence, and they can easily provoke a stroke.
The virus can have a direct effect even on the musculoskeletal system, and it does not arise from the fact that a person lies for a long time with an illness. According to doctors, do not underestimate this infection, because it can affect organs in a completely unexpected and wide range.
How to identify the consequences after COVID-19?
Not all patients need to go for a full examination of the body to identify what complications after covid remain and whether they remain at all? Then the polyclinics will not have time to treat patients. But some people after COVID-19 need rehabilitation measures to eliminate the consequences. When do you need to seek help after you have had a coronavirus?
First of all, this is poor health, deterioration in the quality of life, certain complaints that prevent them from returning to normal activities. Then it is necessary to contact a therapist if the reason for feeling unwell is not clear or to go to a specialist in a narrow direction with a specific complaint. The doctor must determine the direction of the study, identify the cause of the disease, and take measures for rehabilitation.
Consequences after vaccination against coronavirus
Talking about what the consequences of COVID-19 can affect a person’s life in the future, one cannot but mention the complications after vaccination against COVID-19. The vaccination campaign is gaining momentum. Despite the fierce debate, of are there ways supporters for and against the coronavirus vaccine, vaccination statistics show that about 30% of the world’s population has already been vaccinated.
How the vaccine works, is it worth fearing the consequences after being vaccinated against coronavirus, and are their ways to protect yourself from complications – we will tell you further.
Coronavirus vaccine – consequences of vaccination
The injected drug acquaints the immune system with the virus. In response to a foreign invasion, immune defenses are triggered in the body. Therefore, the very first consequence of the coronavirus vaccination is swelling and redness in the area of the injection. This is a local reaction, it is caused by the rush of cells to the injection site, whose task is to prevent the spread of the disease throughout the body.
Further, the drug with the virus enters the bloodstream. The body’s natural response is to “heat” the body to destroy the enemy, develop antibodies to fight it, “memorize” the pathogen to quickly destroy it when it hits it again, preventing the development of the disease. Thus, a vaccinated person develops a strong immunity to COVID-19.
When the temperature rises, muscle weakness appears, headache is a normal reaction. How long and how strongly such consequences will be manifested after vaccination against coronavirus depends on the specific organism. The same infection (moreover, any) is transferred by different people in different ways, so the drug itself has nothing to do with it. Often, after the introduction of the vaccine, external manifestations and reactions are not observed.
Vaccination against COVID-19: complications and contraindications
But do not confuse the reaction to the vaccine with the complications after vaccination against covid. A complication is an unexpectedly serious condition that occurs after the administration of a drug. These conditions include anaphylactic shock (a sharp drop in blood pressure, cessation of oxygen supply to organs and tissues), the occurrence of seizures, encephalitis, and other serious conditions.
Similar reactions develop in those who have contraindications, but for some reason have passed the vaccination stage. You cannot be vaccinated if you have:
- chronic kidney disease;
- diseases of the cardiovascular, endocrine, hematopoietic system;
- autoimmune disorders;
- pronounced pathologies of the central nervous system;
- severe allergic reactions with previously administered vaccinations.
In the presence of such pathologies, there is a high risk of complications after vaccination against covid. You can not be vaccinated for persons under 18 years of age, people over 65, pregnant women. It is also better for those who have recently undergone a severe form of coronavirus with a vaccine to postpone since after an illness in the body there is an increased level of antibodies. From vaccination, their number will increase even more, which can cause a violent immune response of the body – a cytokine storm, which we talked about above.
How to prepare for vaccination?
How to prepare for vaccination to reduce the risk of negative effects of the coronavirus vaccine:
Carefully monitor your well-being before vaccination, postpone the vaccination if there are signs of malaise, a cold;
Avoid contact with sick people for two weeks before vaccination; take a blood test for antibodies two days before vaccination; two weeks before vaccination against coronavirus, you can not take immunomodulators and immunostimulants; Tell your doctor before vaccination about all drugs that you have taken within the last two weeks, in particular, those stimulating immunity; Stop drinking alcohol at least a day, and preferably three days before vaccination; you do not need to take antihistamines, they can negatively affect the formation of the immune response.
In the absence of contraindications and adherence to the recommendations, the risk of side effects is minimal. Knowing what consequences can arise after coronavirus, in the absence of contraindications to vaccination, many do not doubt the need for vaccination, but in general, this remains everyone’s business.
Link to the initial article published on 13.09.2021.